50 years old: the Citroën DS | France
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50 years old:
the Citroën DS

 

CitroŽn DS
image credit: http://www.leblogauto.com/

 


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On the 6th October 1955, a revolutionary-designed car was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show at the Grand Palais. This was the start of a French love-affair with the DS or la déesse [the goddess] [1]. Now, what the French would regard as “the” car of the 20th century is a collector’s piece.

Called a spaceship by some, this originally conceived car had aerodynamic lines, a range of new colours that escaped from the drab Ford-initiated black, and introduced innovative engineering that included fully hydraulic steering, brakes, gear change and suspension. It might be said that the Citroën DS revolutionised automotive standards for not just the 1950s, but also decades to come.

The DS started with a 1.9 litre engine [the DS19] that came from a previous Citroën model, the Traction Avant - an engine that while adequate was not appropriately powered for this novel car. An upgrade was made with a 2.1 litre engine [the DS21]. Finally, after Citroën had bought Masarati in 1970, the DS received a Maserati V6 engine - 2.7 litres then 3.0 litres. This model could do 140mph and accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in about 8.2 seconds. This was the Citroën SM.

CitroŽn SM
image credit: http://www.frenchclassics.co.uk/

For the fiftieth anniversary of the DS’s début, there is an exhibition at the Cité des sciences et l'industrie, Port de Villette, north-east Paris until 1st November. Meanwhile, 1,600 DS are gathering at St Quentin en Yvelines, near Versailles in preparation for a parade from the Arc de Triomphe to the Eiffel Tower on Sunday, 9th October.

poster for the DS jubilee, 2005

A variety of facts, figures, specifications

  • Engineer: André Lefebre
    Designer/sculptor: Flaminoio Bertoni
    This pair also designed the legendary 2CV - the deux chevaux.
  • 150 models, including
    • ID 19
    • ID 21
    • DS 21
    • DS 23
    • DSS (DS Sport)
    • station wagon / estate / break
    • Prestige
    • convertible / cabriolet
    • four-door saloon / sedan / berline Pallas
  • During 20 years of production, Citroën produced 1,500,000 cars
  • Colours:
    • champagne
    • daffodil yellow
    • scarab brown
    • delta blue
    • coraline red
    • aubergine
      as well as government ministry black
  • Seen with:
    • General de Gaulle
    • Brigitte Bardotte
    • a long list of French actors from Louis de Funès to Jean Moreau.
  • Prices now range from about 700 euro (poor condition) to 4000 euro (excellent). Citroën DS cost somewhat more in the UK. This page has a list of models and prices. [Online currency convertor.]

Technical

  • turning headlights
  • hydropneumatic, self-levelling suspension
  • disc brakes
  • steering wheel with a single spoke central support
  • Dunlopillo carpeting
  • foldaway seats in the estate version, giving seven places

 

end notes

  1. The Citroën DS was famously called the goddess (a pun on the letters DS which sound simuilar to the French word for goddess - déesse) by Roland Barthes in 1957 [link to translation from part of Mythologies].

related pages:

the Citroën 2CV:
a French motoring icon

Les Bréguières, A8: motor museum

 

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