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le Tour 2: preparing for the Great Day

 

Tour de France route 2015
 

Tour de France route 2016

official website for le Tour de France
[also official website in French]

 

the cycling zone

la Vuelta a España, 2016 - let's climb!

il Giro d'Italia 2016 - for sprinters and climbers

 

TDF current and previous years, as seen by abelard.org:

addicted? I admit it
orientation: the tactics of the tour

getting ready
le tour itinerary
reconnaissance
choosing your viewpoint
mountains
end notes

Addicted? I admit it

The Tour de France, the biggest, hardest cycle race, the biggest, hardest sporting spectacle in the whole world, with 15,000,000 people crowding the route last year to watch the race. Even the Olympics is not up to this. That only happens once every four years, and there the athletes are changed practically every day.

It is soooo beautiful—red....yellow.....chrome.....space helmets bearing down like invaders from from Betelgeuse.....blue.....pink—even aerodynamic shoes. Orange glasses, clicking cycle gears ::::::::whooooshhhhh and he’s gone:::::: But wait, here comes another one::::::

It reminds me of the Streak:

(Chorus)
Here he comes, look at that, look at that
There he goes, look at that, look at that
[...]
Oh, yes, they call him the Streak
Look at that, look at that
Fastest thing on two feet
Look at that, look at that
[...]
If there's an audience to be found
He'll be streakin' around
Invitin' public critique
From the Streak (Ray Stevens, spring 1974)

How can you not be here? How can you not watch the Greatest Show on Earth as it rushes past a field of sunflowers or lavender, or struggles up the Pyrenees?

orientation: the tactics of the tour

Much of le Tour comprises long, flat stages. There are also two or three time trials, even including one for teams. The Tour de France is a living and flexible event. Unlike a hundred-metre dash, the stages and competition change every year. For example, this year [2008] there will be no prologue stage, normally about a seven-mile dash to open the proceedings. Further, there will be no team time trial. This will be a disappointment to me, because I just love watching the space invaders in perfect, coordinated, colour harmony as they set out to capture another planet. My enthusiasm is despite team time-trials having the slight inconvenience of somewhat undermining the individual, gladiatorial nature of the Tour. Thus, the aesthetic circus must compromise with raw competition.

When there is a prologue, the individual time-trial specialists get a leg-up to wearing the Yellow Jersey, sometimes for several days, while the sprinters gradually gain points and seconds at sprint points and by leading the pack in during the finishing melée on the early, flat stages. Thus, this year, it is more likely that sprinters will have a chance at yellow at least until Stage 4 (the first of two time-trials this year).

These groups, the sprinters and the time-trial specialists, will probably dominate the Tour until Stage 9. Then, the real giants of the Tour will start to grind back earlier leads built by the aforementioned specialists. Or perhaps the lead had been built by some braveheart lunatic, who managed to catch the established riders out by escaping the peleton and gaining a ludicrous lead of five or fifteen minutes, thereby snaring the coveted Yellow Jersey for several days, to ride as hero on top of the world. This can only be achieved by comparative unknowns as the top riders all know, and watch, each other. Thus, they are unlikely to be able to break away successfully, or for very long.

Le Tour de France : cycling tactics
The prizes to be won.

getting ready

Some months ahead of Le Tour de France, a crude little map (see above) of the intended race route appears in newspapers, magazines and on websites. I use the official Tour de France website.

Next, a month or two before Le Tour starts, a detailed itinerary is posted at the Tour website. By two or three weeks before the start date, the details have also been published as an Official Tour de France Guide.[1] The itinerary and other race details are also produced, to various degrees, in many cycling magazines.

It is only when the full itinerary appears, and the excitement rises, that useful planning can start. Every year, I swear off and convince myself – never again! As the year goes by, and the carnival comes closer, slowly I weaken until, comes the Great Day, there I am again sitting on the roadside. Every person should see the Tour close up once, but this is ridiculous.

le tour itinerary

So, back to the day that the complete itinerary comes out.

The Tour winds along little country lanes and down long, straight Roman roads, ripping through France’s towns and villages. But if you really want to see the Tour, and not just whoosh whoosh, then like the Streak they are gone, you need to plan.

That means decent, high-scale maps of the race stage (étape) you have chosen from the itinerary, including a map that shows bends in the roads and contours.[2]

reconnaissance

No use to just go to the race roadside on the Great Day; you will not know where to park, or where are the best viewing positions. By the time you reach the course on the Great Day, the road will be blocked off to normal traffic, so you will have to approach it from a side road. Therefore, if you are to see the Tour properly, there has to be a reconnaissance mission. You have to go out days before the Great Day and survey your chosen target zone. (Note well that if you intend to watch a big climb on the mountain roads, you will probably be involved in taking up your position the previous day and camping out overnight. For more details see Le Tour 4 - in the Pyrenées (advice also applicable for the Alps).)

Of course, serious mugs have the full itinerary the very moment it is published, and start ringing round appropriately placed hotels on the route to reserve a room. Necessary because local hotels quickly book up for the night before the Tour comes through.

Many of the best hotels, in the stage start towns, will have already been grabbed by the Team armies (les équipes) who, of course, have prior notice of the race route. If you manage to book into such a hotel, you will have not to mind the the broom cupboard allocated to you, the French drains or the local revellers. Many, many other spectators use camper vans, or carry tents in their cars.

choosing your viewpoint

Do not think that an aficionado can be ecological about this game (you can be, if you just want to visit one stage on a bicycle). There is no way that anyone but a super-fit cyclist can keep up with these guys. Even the bike gladiators have a couple of rest days, then fly or train to the next stage start.

In the midst of choosing the perfect spot, remember that, by July, France is mostly a land of blue skies and hot sun. Find a shaded spot for the hours of waiting, unless you decide to bring a parasol or erect some other sun shelter.

So back to planning your wonderful day out. Now remember that I, abelard, just hate the crowds and the places that tend to attract them, especially the mountains, and other stage finishes.

If you don’t mind the crowds, then you will have different tactics, maybe picking the winding, narrow road through a French village, or brawling for a place at the finish. But be warned, the Tour takes over even fairly small towns where the stages begin and end. You will be lucky to enter the town in a vehicle, let alone find somewhere to park, on the day.

mountains

Ah yes, the mountain stages. Well, it’s like this. On the flat stages, it is normal for most of the peleton (that’s the pack to you) to keep together for wind protection, with maybe a breakaway group or two, and a final sprint to the extremely crowded finish line.

But it is on the hills and mountains, in the Alps and the Pyrenées, that the weaker reeds start to spread out; yes, the hills actually do slow down the riders. Thus, you see more lycra for your delight if you chose a place where you can watch the Tour coming up a slope.

So, back to your maps: you want to chose a place where you can see somewhat into the distance. Remember the Streak chorus – “Here he comes ... There he goes”. A long, slow, uphill slope makes the most of watching packs of cyclists regularly moving at 30 mph (48 kph).

Right, you have that? Now the specifics, where are you going to park and where are you going to sit, is next in the campaign planning. Sure as eggs, if you chose badly, those pesky locals are going to park themselves and their encampment precisely in front of the position you have taken, even if you did arrive much earlier. They have never heard of queuing or manners, especially when they want. And don’t forget, the locals also have a good idea which are the good observation points.

Having worked all this out, and laid your plans, it’s the end of another ‘exciting’ day until the Great moment arrives.

Le Tour 3: the Great Day arrives

 

End notes

  1. The Official Tour Guide is available in newsagents, with an English-language version available in Great Britain.

  2. For first decisions, and how to get there, a 1:200,000, or 1 cm to 2 kilometres, map suffices such as, for instance, the Michelin Road Atlas. To analyse the lay of the road in detail, and discover the necessary side roads, use Institut Geographique National (IGN) Blue Series maps. IGN is the French equivalent of the Ordinance Survey in the United Kingdom. Blue Series maps are 1:25,000 or 1 cm to 250 metres. The maps can be bought in a local Presse/newspaper shop or supermarket. However, this is a little haphazard, especially for the high-scale versions, as these places usually only hold maps local to them. So local maps are another item for the reconnaissance trip.

    Once you have worked out, using the big Michelin France Road Atlas, whereabouts is a particular stage you wish to watch, you can home in for a detailed, higher-scale IGN map.

    You can order IGN maps online from their website [in English] by clicking on this map to the left of their page:
IGN map of France

The instructions on each succeeding page are in English and easy to follow. Note that postage is currently 4.70€ (the UK is classed as a EU country “near to or with a border with France”.

For the Pyrenées mountain stages, the Carte de Randonnées [hikers’ maps] series from Rando éditions (1:50,000) enables detailed analysis and shows footpaths.

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